Wider questions of democratic legitimacy have been thrown up by the rise of support for populist parties. Whether through more overt forms of authoritarianism or less conspicuous ‘autocratic legalism’ the democratic rules of the game are being recast in European states such that democratic constitutional constraints appear to be under threat if not already subverted. Moreover, shifts in the political weight of different institutions including the apparently increased power of global and European institutions, finance ministries, of depoliticised regulatory institutions, judicial and quasi-judicial bodies as well as hybrid institutions at the regional and local level, may have further made public policies less directly responsive to democratic political pressures. An adequate understanding of the politician and policymaker perspective on responding to the challenges outlined here is important for framing suggestions and advice arising from the research.
The following publications by the Governance consortia relate to the changing authority of institutions:
• Dommett, K. (2020). Introduction: Regulation and Oversight of Digital Campaigning – Problems and Solutions. Political Quarterly. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1467-923X.12888.
• Dommett, K. (2020). Regulating Digital Campaigning: The Need for Precision in Calls for Transparency. Policy and Internet, Online first. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/poi3.234.
• Dommett, K., & Power, S. (2019). Digital campaign regulation: more urgent than ever?. Election Analysis. http://www.electionanalysis.uk/uk-election-analysis-2019/section-6-the-digital-campaign/digital-campaign-regulation-more-urgent-than-ever/.
• Dommett, K., & Power, S. (2019). The Political Economy of Facebook Advertising: Election Spending, Regulation and Targeting Online. Political Quarterly. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1467-923X.12687
• Margetts, H., & Dommett, K. (2020). Four Recommendations to Improve Digital Electoral Oversight in the UK. Political Quarterly.
• Golka, P., & Van der Zwan, N. (2022). Experts versus representatives? Financialised valuation and institutional change in financial governance. New Political Economy. https://doi.org/10.1080/13563467.2022.2045927.
• Ershova A., Khokhlova A., Yordanova N., Schmidt F. D., & Glavaš G. (2021). Curb EU Enthusiasm: Categorising the Commission’s Responsiveness. Presented at European Political Science Association 2021 conference, University Association for Contemporary European Studies 2021 conference, and INDIVEU workshop 2021.
• Ershova A., Khokhlova A., & Yordanova N. (2021). Constraining the Agency to Please the Public: the New Mode of Responsiveness in the EU. Presented at the European Political Science Association 2021 conference, the American Political Science Association 2021.
• Hiltunen, M. (2021). Online Political Advertising and Disinformation during Elections: Regulatory Framework in the EU and Member States. Helsinki Legal Studies Research Paper No. 68. https://ssrn.com/abstract=3897836.
• Schnyder, G. (2021). The Future of Europe: Neo-liberal, Illiberal, or Non-liberal?. In: The Future of Europe and the Future of the Planet. The Altiero Spinelli Institute for Federalist Studies. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/352992039_The_Future_of_Europe_Neo-liberal_Illiberal_or_Non-liberal.
• Borodina, S., Deakin, S. & Hamilton, J. (2022). The Rule of Law as an Emergent Social Norm: Evidence from Qualitative Research in Russia. Law and Development Review, 15(1), 1-31. https://doi.org/10.1515/ldr-2021-0063.
• Nölke, A. (2022). Post-Corona Capitalism. The Alternatives Ahead. Bristol University Press. https://bristoluniversitypress.co.uk/post-corona-capitalism
• Nölke, A. (2022). Alles besser ohne Nationen?. In: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung. https://www.bpb.de/themen/parteien/rechtspopulismus/504063/alles-besser-ohne-nationen/.
• Sauer, B. (2022). Sauer, Birgit 2022: Radical right populist debates on female Muslim body-coverings in Austria. Between biopolitics and necropolitics, in: Identities. Global Studies in Culture and Power, DOI: 10.1080/1070289X.2022.2071515.
• Hussain, A. (2022). Street Salafism: Contingency and urbanity as religious creed. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. https://doi.org/10.1177/02637758211069989.
• Eseverri-Mayer, C., & Khir-Allah, G. (2022). Controlling civic engagement of youth spanish muslims. Cont Islam 16, 41–63. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11562-022-00481-x.
• Chaqués-Bonafont, L., & Jordana, J. (2022). Policy Analysis in Spain (1st ed.). Bristol University Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv2j6xq7b.
• König, P. D., Siewert, M. B., & Ackermann, K. (2022). Conceptualizing and Measuring Citizens’ Preferences for Democracy: Taking Stock of Three Decades of Research in a Fragmented Field. Comparative Political Studies. https://doi.org/10.1177/00104140211066213.
• Freitag, M., & Zumbrunn, A. (2022). Direct democracy, personality, and political interest in comparative perspective. Politics. https://doi.org/10.1177/02633957221074897.
• Eckes, C., Leino-Sandberg, P. & Wallerman Ghavanini, A. (2021). Conceptual Framework for the Project Separation of Powers for 21st Century Europe. Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2021-06, Amsterdam Centre for European Law and Governance Research Paper No. 2021-01. https://ssrn.com/abstract=3777334.
• Eckes, C., & Leino-Sandberg, P. (2022). The EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement – Exceptional Circumstances or a new Paradigm for EU External Relations?. The Modern Law Review, 85: 164-197. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2230.12698.
• Eckes, C. (2021). Tackling the Climate Crisis with Counter-majoritarian Instruments: Judges between Political Paralysis, Science, and International Law. European Papers, Vol. 6, 2021, No 3. https://www.europeanpapers.eu/en/europeanforum/tackling-climate-crisis-judges-between-political-paralysis-science-international-law.
• Gnes, D., & Sormunen, M. (2022). Controlling the executive in external migration policy? A preliminary assessment of the role of the European Parliament in scrutinising and influencing EU informal readmission arrangements. Centre For The Law Of EU External Relations. https://www.asser.nl/media/795377/cleer_022-01_web_final.pdf.
• Östlund, A., & Hallberg, J. (2022). På fel plats vid fel tid. EU-domstolens distansiering från internationell rätt genom ett problematiskt obiter dictum. Accepted for Europarättslig tidskrift (1).
• Östlund, A. (2022). Effective Judicial Protection—to what effect and at whose service?. Accepted for European Law Review.
• Östlund, A., & Hallberg, J. (2022). And Now For Something Completely Different… Disposing of pacta sunt servanda through an obiter dictum. School of Public Administration Working Paper Series, 34. https://gupea.ub.gu.se/handle/2077/70563.
• Junius, N., Caluwaerts, D., Matthieu, J., & Erzeel, S. (forthcoming). Hacking the Representative System through Deliberation? The Organization of the Agora Party in Brussels. Acta Politica. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41269-021-00226-3.
• Caluwaerts, D., & Reuchamps, M. (2021, ed.). Belgian Exceptionalism: Belgian Politics between Realism and Surrealism. Abingdon: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003104643.
• Devillers, S., Vrydagh, J., Caluwaerts, D., & Reuchamps, M. (2021). Looking in from the Outside: How Do Invited But Not Selected Citizens Perceive the Legitimacy of a Minipublic?. Journal of Deliberative Democracy, 17(1), p.149-159. https://doi.org/10.16997/jdd.961.